Node.js - First Application

Node.js - First Application

Before creating an actual "Hello, World!" application using Node.js, let us see the components of a Node.js application. A Node.js application consists of the following three important components −

  • Import required modules − We use the require directive to load Node.js modules.

  • Create server − A server which will listen to client's requests similar to Apache HTTP Server.

  • Read request and return response − The server created in an earlier step will read the HTTP request made by the client which can be a browser or a console and return the response.

Creating Node.js Application

Step 1 - Import Required Module

We use the require directive to load the http module and store the returned HTTP instance into an http variable as follows −

var http = require("http");

Step 2 - Create Server

We use the created http instance and call http.createServer() method to create a server instance and then we bind it at port 8081 using the listenmethod associated with the server instance. Pass it a function with parameters request and response. Write the sample implementation to always return "Hello World".

http.createServer(function (request, response) {
   // Send the HTTP header 
   // HTTP Status: 200 : OK
   // Content Type: text/plain
   response.writeHead(200, {'Content-Type': 'text/plain'});
   
   // Send the response body as "Hello World"
   response.end('Hello World\n');
}).listen(8081);

// Console will print the message
console.log('Server running at http://127.0.0.1:8081/');

The above code is enough to create an HTTP server which listens, i.e., waits for a request over 8081 port on the local machine.

Step 3 - Testing Request & Response

Let's put step 1 and 2 together in a file called main.js and start our HTTP server as shown below −

var http = require("http");

http.createServer(function (request, response) {

   // Send the HTTP header 
   // HTTP Status: 200 : OK
   // Content Type: text/plain
   response.writeHead(200, {'Content-Type': 'text/plain'});
   
   // Send the response body as "Hello World"
   response.end('Hello World\n');
}).listen(8081);

// Console will print the message
console.log('Server running at http://127.0.0.1:8081/');

Now execute the main.js to start the server as follows −

$ node main.js

Verify the Output. Server has started.

Server running at http://127.0.0.1:8081/

Congratulations, you have your first HTTP server up and running which is responding to all the HTTP requests at port 8081.